Higher training speed requires larger mini-batch size.
8192 images one batch, 256 GPUs
Larger mini-batch size leads to lower accuracy
Linear scaling rule for adjusting learning rates as a function of minibatch size
Warmup scheme overcomes optimization challenges early in training
Larger mini-batch size lead to lower accuracy.
Iteration(in FaceBook Paper):
M: batch size, K: iteration number, σ²: stochastic gradient variance
Use large minibatches
scale to multiple workers
Maintaining training and generalization accuracy
Linear Scaling Rule: When the minibatch size is multiplied by k, multiply the learning rate by k.
k iteration, minibatch size of n:
1 iteration, minibatch size of kn:
Assume gradients of the above fomulas are equal
Two updates can be similar only if we set the second learning rate to k times the first learning rate.
Initial training epochs when the network is changing rapidly.
Results are stable for a large range of sizes, beyond a certain point
Low learning rate to solve rapid change of the initial network.
Constant Warmup: Sudden change of learning rate causes the training error to spike.
Gradual warmup: Ramping up the learning rate from a small to a large value.
start from a learning rate of η and increment it by a constant amount at each iteration such that it reaches η̂ = kη after 5 epochs.